Fairness Linked Saving Schemes ( ELSS ) or tax saving mutual fund schemes as they’re in any other case often called, are a well-liked tax saving funding. The foremost purpose for this reputation has been the introduction of Part 80C of the Earnings Tax Act, from April 1, 2005. This part permits the investor to take a position as much as Rs 1 lakh in numerous funding merchandise and get a tax deduction for a similar. The listing of funding merchandise additionally consists of ELSS. Earlier, until March 31, 2005, funding in these tax saving schemes solely allowed for a tax deduction of as much as Rs 10,000 below Part 88.
Nevertheless, that being mentioned, there are numerous issues an investor wants to bear in mind earlier than deciding to leap into an ELSS funding.
- Part 80 C spoils you for alternative: As has been talked about above, ELSS shouldn’t be the one funding avenue that comes below Part 80C. Different investments reminiscent of Life Insurance coverage, Public Provident Fund (PPF), Nationwide Financial savings Certificates (NSCs), Senior Citizen Financial savings Scheme (SCSS), Submit Workplace Month-to-month Earnings Scheme (POMIS) and so forth additionally provide an analogous tax profit. Then there are obligatory funds reminiscent of your PF, tuition charges of youngsters and even housing mortgage repayments which are coated below Sec. 80C. Allow us to say a person contributions Rs 40,000 to the PPF yearly and Rs 30,000 is his fund fund deduction. So for him it is smart to take a position solely the remaining Rs 30,000 [Rs 1 lakh – (Rs 40,000 + Rs 30,000) = Rs 30,000] for tax deduction below Sec. 80C. That is primarily as a result of if he invests greater than Rs 30,000, he’ll cross the general stage of Rs 1 lakh and the deduction is restricted to Rs 1 lakh.
- Lock-in of three years: Like all funding avenues below Part 80C, ELSS funds additionally contain a sure lock in. On this case the lock in is for 3 years. Right here an ELS funding can’t be withdrawn for a interval of three years from the date of funding. This lock-in is sort of a double-edged sword. On the one hand, it fosters long-term funding, which could be very important whereas investing in fairness. And on the opposite, if you end up in a state of affairs the place you require funds in an emergency, you’ll have to resort to different means / investments — the ELSS fund shall be closed to you for 3 years. Withdrawals are simply not allowed, not even with a penalty.
- Tax saving schemes carry the danger of investing in fairness: ELSS funds are promoted nearly as good investments as they allow the fund supervisor to take long-term calls on the account of the enforced three 12 months lock-in. In different phrases, the fund supervisor doesn’t have to fret about retaining funds liquid to cater to day by day exemptions that may occur in regular open ended schemes. Nevertheless, it must be saved in thoughts that ELSS funds for all sensible functions are just like regular diversified fairness mutual fund schemes. The funds in these schemes are invested within the inventory market. Therefore the returns these schemes generate rely upon the form of shares the fund supervisor invests in and the general state of the market. So if an investor invests in a tax saving scheme, and three years down the road, when the lock-in ends and the markets are usually not doing effectively, his whole returns will take a beating. Sure, this has not occurred prior to now because the Indian market is in a lateral bull part (barring the occasional hiccups). Nevertheless, the potential of capital loss could be very a lot there and it must be thought of. So buyers want to contemplate their threat taking capability when it comes to age and duty earlier than deciding on investing in ELSS.
The underside line?
Whether or not ELSS or every other funding, don’t make investments as a result of the funding gives a tax profit. Ask your self whether or not you’d have invested within the specific instrument per se — the tax profit ought to be the incidental icing on the cake. This may make sure that all of your investments shall be as per your threat profile and purpose oriented and never solely on for the non permanent goal of saving tax.